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Hydropower is a type of renewable energy that uses the movement of water, such as rivers, lakes, dams, and oceans, to produce electricity or other forms of energy. This form of energy has a long history of use and provides several advantages in the field of energy and the environment.

Here are some main aspects related to hydropower:

Hydroelectric power plants: Hydropower is most often used to produce electricity in hydroelectric power plants. There are two main types of hydroelectric power stations:

A handful of power plants: These power plants use the height of the water in the reservoirs at the dams to move the turbines and generate electricity.

Tidal power plants: These power plants use the tidal movements of the oceans to move turbines and generate electricity.

Isolated areas: Hydropower is used to generate electricity in isolated areas where no connection to the electricity grid is available. Small hydroelectric plants and micro-hydroelectric plants can serve as independent sources of energy for villages, cottages or small communities.

Isolated water purification systems: Some isolated water purification systems use water power to drive pumps and filters, thereby providing access to potable water in remote areas.

Insulated heating systems: In some regions, hydropower is used to heat buildings. The heat from the water is led through pipes to radiators for heating.

Backup sources of energy: Reservoirs at dams can serve as backup water supplies that can be used to balance seasonal or daily fluctuations in demand for electricity.

Irrigation of agricultural areas: Water energy is used in some areas to drive pumps for irrigation of agricultural areas.

Hydropower is an important source of renewable energy with low greenhouse gas emissions. It is reliable and can contribute to diversifying the energy mix and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. However, the construction of large dams can have environmental consequences, including changing ecosystems and driving people from their homes. Therefore, it is important to carefully plan and manage water projects.

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