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IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) is one of the main Internet Protocol (IP) standards that was developed as a successor to the older IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4). The main goal of IPv6 is to solve address exhaustion problems caused by the limited number of available IPv4 addresses. IPv6 comes with a much larger number of possible addresses and improved security and performance features.

Here are some key characteristics of IPv6:

128-bit address: IPv6 addresses are represented by 128-bit numbers, providing an astronomical number of possible addresses. Compared to IPv4, which only has 32 bits, this is a huge address range.

Hierarchical structure: IPv6 maintains a hierarchical structure for routing data through the Internet infrastructure, similar to IPv4. Each network has its own unique IPv6 address and netmask.

Support for security: IPv6 includes enhanced security features such as IPsec (Internet Protocol Security), which enables data encryption and authentication for better network and communication protection.

Auto-configuration: IPv6 includes a feature that allows devices to automatically assign themselves an address and configure network parameters without the need for manual intervention by an administrator.

Support for mobile devices: IPv6 was designed with the growing number of mobile devices connected to the Internet in mind, ensuring more efficient communication and mobile connectivity.

Transition mechanisms: For the transition from legacy IPv4 to IPv6, there are various transition mechanisms that allow the simultaneous operation of both protocols.

IPv6 is a key standard for the future of the Internet because it provides enough addresses for the rapidly growing number of connected devices and ensures improved network security and performance. IPv6 is gradually being implemented in several networks and on various devices around the world, providing a permanent solution for the addressing needs of the modern Internet.

Vytvořil Shoptet | Design Shoptetak.cz.