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Legionella is a bacterium belonging to the genus Legionella. The best-known species of this bacterium is Legionella pneumophila. This bacterium can cause serious respiratory infections in humans called legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease. Legionella bacteria are found in nature and in water, especially in warm waters such as streams, lakes, wells, pools and other water sources.

Here is some important information about Legionella bacteria and legionellosis:

Manifestation of legionellosis: Legionellosis is an infectious disease that manifests itself as lung inflammation (pneumonia). The main symptoms may include fever, cough, headache, muscle weakness and other flu-like symptoms. It can cause serious complications and even death in some individuals.

Mode of transmission: People become infected with Legionella by inhaling small droplets of water that contain the bacteria. This can happen, for example, by showering, swimming in a pool with contaminated water, or inhaling steam from contaminated equipment such as air conditioning units or ice machines.

Risk factors: Not all people exposed to Legionella become infected, but certain groups of people are more susceptible to infection, such as the elderly, smokers, people with weakened immune systems, or people with certain chronic illnesses.

Prevention: Preventive measures include keeping water systems clean, frequent cleaning and maintenance of cooling towers, pools and other equipment that contain water. In some cases, chemical agents are also used to eliminate Legionella.

Treatment: Treatment for legionellosis includes antibiotics and it is important that it is started as soon as possible after the infection is diagnosed.

Legionella and legionellosis are important topics in public health and water safety. Prevention and rapid diagnosis are key to preventing the spread of this infection.

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