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Passive cooling

Passive cooling is a method of removing heat from various devices and systems without the use of active components such as fans, pumps or compressors. Instead, it relies on thermodynamic principles and the properties of materials for the natural flow of heat by convection, conduction, or radiation. Passive cooling is often used where an external power source is not available or where a quieter operating mode is preferred.

How passive cooling works:

Convection: Passive cooling involves creating channels or space where air or other cooling medium can circulate naturally. Warm air rises and cool air falls, creating a natural airflow that carries heat away from the device.

Conduction: Materials with high thermal conductivity can be used to transfer heat from hot areas to cooler areas. Passive cooling may involve the appropriate placement of these materials in locations where heat is to be dissipated.

Radiation: Thermal radiation is the process by which a hot body emits thermal radiation to its surroundings. Passive cooling can involve proper design so that radiation from hot components is directed away from the device.

Where passive cooling is used:

Electronics: Passive cooling is used in various electronic devices such as mobile phones, televisions, audio systems and others where it is necessary to maintain the optimal temperature of the components.

Home appliances: In refrigerators, freezers and other home appliances, passive cooling is often used to maintain the correct temperature and provide a cooling effect.

Energy efficient buildings: Passive cooling can be used in buildings to passively maintain temperature and minimize cooling energy consumption.

Automobiles: Passive cooling is used in some automotive components, such as radiators, to dissipate heat.

Motherboards and Components: Within computer systems, passive cooling is used to cool motherboards, memory modules, and other components.

Passive cooling is an ideal choice in cases where it is necessary to minimize energy consumption, achieve a quieter operating mode or when external power sources such as electrical outlets are not available. At the same time, however, passive cooling can be less effective in situations where a large amount of heat needs to be dissipated quickly.

Vytvořil Shoptet | Design Shoptetak.cz.