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Gauss is a unit of magnetic induction field, which is part of the CGS (centimeter-gram-second) system of units. Magnetic induction, which is measured in Gauss units, indicates the strength and density of the magnetic field at a particular point in space. The Gauss unit is named after the German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss.

Definition: A Gauss unit is defined as one Maxwell (Mx) of magnetic flux per square centimeter, thus: 1 Gauss = 1 Maxwell / cm²

This unit is often used in the field of magnetism and electromagnetism. In the modern International System of Units (SI), the Gauss has been replaced by the Tesla (T), where 1 T = 10,000 Gauss. This change was made on the basis of a larger unit that is better adapted to physical and technical needs.

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